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Ottoman Efforts Among Nomdic Tribes of East and southeast Anatolia

Journal of the Turkish Studies

32

 

ABSTRACT 

     It is known that social bases of east and southeast Anatolia consisted of nomadic tribes in the period of Ottoman Empire. These tribes were fighting each other along the years because of some controversies on land. Ottoman State had tried to make peace among these tribes towards the ends of Nineteenth Century as before. The state had aimed to stop the fights and establish the peace by charging some special commissions and effective people whom are well-regarded and well-known in the region. Respecting and considering the traditions of tribes had been remarkable precaution for the survival peace in this process. It seems like a practice of an alternative law beside essential Ottoman legal system. This application had occurred as the result of social and cultural dynamics of mentioned region. Actually this kind of effort forms an important example for our world and Turkey in terms of regarding the local values. Original Ottoman records provide us to see lots of examples on pleasure among the members of tribes owing to this administrative and judicial approach. We can see classic Ottoman tolerance on these kinds of measures. Members of tribes had requested from the State for the cases to be solved by their own manners and methods in most examples. Especially dissolving the conflicts those occurred between unsettled tribes with such a practical and quick forms had appeared as a remarkable solution process. Thus serious legal responsibilities had removed like judicial chases of hundreds of people. On the other hand dissolving the cases with the tribal manners had provided the members of tribes to be convinced. By this way Ottoman State had gained to take the tendencies of tribes on herself. Additionally this approach made possible for tribes to preserve their cultural structure and specific historical deposits. 


Key Words: Tribes, Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia, Ottoman Empire, XIXth Century, Peace.



Journal of the Turkish Studies